Posts Tagged ‘3D Systems

What is a 3D Scanner

A 3D Scanner is a device that is used to analyze and measure the physical characteristics such as shape and color of a real world object, based on the information collected using different techniques it can then reconstructs a digital 3D model of the physical object that was scanned.

For 3D scanning something you essentially use a specialized piece of hardware, either hand-held or stationary, to recreate a digital copy of a real object that you can then later on 3D print thus turning it back into a real physical thing. There are many different techniques employed by 3D scanners in order to get the required data for the shape of an object. Some 3D scanners do provide only a 3D model of the shape of the scanned object, while others might also include additional data such as the actual colors in the form of a texture as well. Do note that 3D scanners are not used only for 3D printing, they are helpful in many areas where you might want to digitize a real world object and make a realistically looking 3D model such as in movies for example.

Normal consumers usually don’t have access to 3D printers that can print in full color (these are much more expensive), but instead mostly use a single color filament, so a 3D scanner that provides color information as well is not very needed. What is very attractive in the idea for a 3D scanner to new 3D printer users is the fact that such a device would be able to essentially “clone” real world things and then 3D print copies as much as they want. The reality however is harsher and things are not always as easy as they may seem, or as 3D scanner manufacturers may want you to believe.

Many believe that using a 3D scanner is easier way to make a 3D model of something real and then quickly just 3D print it than having to design the model themselves. I have already talked about the need for some, even basic 3D modeling skills, for properly taking advantage of the capabilities of a 3D Printer at home. Even if you don’t have these yet, you can start learning and quickly get up to speed with a simpler program like SketchUp. A 3D scanner may save you some time, especially in getting a 3D model of more complex structures, however you will most likely still have to do some additional work to get a good result before actually being able to 3D print something useful or looking a lot like the original that you have scanned.

Affordable Consumer 3D Scanners
Just like a regular newbie when I got my first MakerBot Replicator 2 3D printer and was making my first steps into the world of 3D printing I also got interested in 3D scanners. Obviously the first thing I did was to go to the website of the company that made my 3D printer and look if they are also offering 3D scanners. They of course did offer the MakerBot Digitizer, though at that time I thought that it was a bit too expensive, right after purchasing the 3D printer. The prices of 3D printers two years ago were higher and there weren’t that many options available as there are today, the same goes for 3D scanners. I see that the MakerBot Digitizer Desktop 3D Scanner is still available for sale at a reduced price, currently $799 USD.

Though in the end I did not purchase that one, mostly because of the higher price and the fact that was limited in functionality… it only offers you a small table for scanning small object. I wanted to go for something that would allow me to scan larger things, so I went for a handheld scanner instead – the Cubify Sense, now 3D Systems Sense. This model seemed like the better choice at that time for me and was available at a better price, so not a bad model for trying out the technology without investing too much into it, right? It ended up being a good choice in the end as it allowed me to try 3D scanning first hand without paying too much and then just getting not very happy by the results I got. Frankly said, I did not research a lot about 3D scanners, unlike for 3D printers, before actually going for a device, so I was a bit unprepared what to expect. That is why you should manage your expectations better and just know that you are most likely not going to get much in terms of details and quality from a consumer grade 3D scanner.

When I’m talking about a consumer grade 3D scanner I mean devices that are not intended for professional use and are pretty much with a price range up to about $1000 or maybe not more than $2000 USD. These devices are simply not going to be able to provide you with very good resolution and thus the detail level will suffer, their software is also probably not as advanced as with the many professional solutions available for higher-end 3D scanners, so that means you will need to spend more time cleaning and refining the 3D model data that you will get after the scan is over. Even repeating the scanning process is often required in order for you to try to get better results than the first try you did. In the end when you finally get to the 3D printing part and the resolution of the printing does also take away some of the detail you might not be very happy with the final result.

Surely the consumer 3D scanners are fun and nice to play with, you just have to know that you should not expect too much from them. You will not be getting 1:1 copies of the things you scan, although the general shape will be there, the finer details most likely won’t be scanned properly. Of course you can always go through the extra step in refining the more basic 3D model you get from a scan with the help of a serious 3D modeling tool to add the missing detail or even enhance so of the not so good results you achieved with the scanning process. That however would require an extensive knowledge of 3D modeling techniques and thus is not something that most normal users will know how to do. So the thing you are probably going to do is to rely on the tools for cleaning up a bit and enhancing the results from the scan that software you got with the device will allow you to use.

Professional and Expensive 3D Scanners
If you want to take a look at what a high-end professional 3D scanners is capable of and how much it costs to get good results you can check Artec – one of the leaders in professional hand-held 3D scanners. They most basic model starts at about 10000 USD/EUR price level and the more precise and feature rich models can go up a multiple times. Artec is the company that a while ago actually did a 3D scan of President Obama using their 3D scanners, so you might be interested in reading about it if you have missed it.

Of course there are other companies producing high-end 3D scanners for professional use that are able to deliver good results in terms of higher quality and level of detail, the common thing about them is that they are all pretty expensive. This makes the entry barrier for a regular consumer unreasonably high, so what is left for us is a not so good consumer model that is actually affordable or not to go for a 3D scanner at all in this stage. Unlike the 3D printers market where the last few years we have seen a lot of development in the consumer segment, 3D scanners have still yet to live their consumer revolution moment.

One of the reasons that high-end 3D scanners are expensive, besides the business-only orientation and limited number of products made and sold, is also related to copyright infringement. Being able to precisely scan a real world object and then replicate it with very high accuracy is scaring big names in the business, just like I’m sure the consumer 3D printer boom a few years ago also did. The truth is that there are already many alternative ways to get even better accuracy in copying and replicating something, so there is nothing going to stop you if that is your original goal…

So Should You Get a 3D Scanner Now or Wait
Time to answer the big question now: should you get a 3D scanner or not to go along with your 3D printer? Unfortunately there is not a definitive answer like a yes or no. If you are going for a consumer 3D scanner make sure you don’t spend too much and don’t have too high expectations for the quality and level of details. If you are going for a professional model then you are most likely going to need it for work, like if you have a 3D printing business and want to provide a 3D scanning services to customers for example and thus the high cost may be justified.

As a regular user getting starting in the world of 3D printing it will be much better to focus on learning how to 3D model things, a skill that will be useful not only for making things to 3D print. A 3D scanner may seem like a shortcut, but with an affordable consumer level device you will quickly change your mind on its usability for replicating physical objects. Especially when talking about more complex things or ones with a lot of fine details, you might be able to design these from scratch with much better accuracy and quality than having them scanned. That of course will require some time learning and improving your 3D modeling skills, but that is one thing that you simply need to do at one point if you are seriously interested in 3D printing anyway.

Important tip: Do a proper research of the model of a 3D scanner that you might want to get – read user opinions and reviews, try the scanner software if available for free download before buying the device, download some 3D models scanned with it (preferably made be users and not official by the company making the device) and try 3D printing them. Regardless if you have selected an affordable consumer 3D scanner or a professional level solution, do your research before and not after you buy it!

If you want to explore a bit more about what kind of quality you can get from a professional high-end 3D scanner you can visit the link below. Artec does provide some 3D scans made with their products and they are also available in STL format, so you can open them with your 3D printing software and even print them if you wish. Just don’t forget that this is what you can expect to get with a professional level 3D scanner and not a consumer grade one!

To Explore and Download Some 3D models with Professional 3D Scanner (STL files)…

Alternatively you might want to check what a consumer grade 3D scanner like the MakerBot Digitizer I have mentioned earlier can do, there are a lot of user made scans available on Thingiverse that you can check and download in STL format and open with your 3D printing software as well or also print on your 3D printer.

3D scans made with MakerBot Digitizer made by users and available for download…

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It seems that 3D Systems has acquired the 3D printer maker botObjects and plans to use that company’s technology for multi-color 3D printing by combining 5 different colored thermoplastic materials. The first full-color 3D printer by 3D Systems that uses FFF/FDM technology to extrude thermoplastic material will be the CubePro C and the device will apparently be on display on CES 2015. botObjects pioneered the first 3D desktop printer using PlasticJet Printing (PJP) that offers true full-color 3D printing, significantly expanding the palette of possibilities for what designers, artists and engineers create, from prototypes to products. botObjects also invented a proprietary 5-color CMYKW cartridge system, capable of mixing primary printing colors on the fly to generate vibrant color combinations and gradient transitions.

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The botObjects ProDesk3D will be folded into 3DS’s new CubePro C printer family and deliver a true full-color experience at a price of $4990 USD, so actually not way too affordable for home users. The new CubePro C should be capable of printing down to 25-microns layers at deposition speeds of up to 175 millimeters per second using durable PLA and ABS print materials with PVA support material. Until the company expands its manufacturing capacity, the CubePro C will be available in a limited release, with plans to expand distribution later in 2015 and currently there is no yet official release date set, but that will most likely follow soon.

CubePro C 3D Printer Key Features:
– Full-color, CMYKW Plastic Jet printing with color mixing and gradient color
– Cartridge system mixes colors on the fly
– Material choices include PLA, ABS and PVA soluble supports
– Build volume of 8.25 x 9.25 x 8.25 in. (210 x 235 x 210 mm)
– Compatible with Windows and Mac operating systems
– Layer thickness: 25 microns in HD mode, 100 microns in SD mode, 200 microns in Draft mode
– Print speeds up to three times faster than comparable printers
– Proprietary cartridge systems of individual or multipacks. Multipacks include the CMYKW base colors and PVA dissolvable supports
– Convenient setup with auto-leveling, auto-calibration and an automated print environment
– Simple USB connectivity
– Get the most of your investment with a cartridge recycling program and printer warranty
– Immediate limited release; global release later in 2015

It seems that while the basic specifications will remain the same, the CubePro C 3D printer will come with a lower build volume as compared to what the original design from botObjects promised. Also there is currently no price information about the special color cartridges with filament that the device uses coming form 3D Systems, but a full 6 cartridges with the colors plus a sixth PVA support one was priced at $135.95 USD, so we can expect a similar price. The CubePro C is definitely going to be an interesting option for people that want to have more affordable multi-color 3D printing using device that relies on common thermoplastic materials such as PLA and ABS.

For more information about the 3D Systems CubePro C Full-Color 3D Printer…

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The Sense 3D scanner is one of the most affordable full color 3D scanners available out there, so it is no wonder a lot of people are looking at the device as their first 3D scanner to go along with the 3D printer they already have. We too decided to give it a try and get a Sense to try out as our first 3D scanner, even though we already knew that we should not expect too much from the device or from any other affordable 3D scanner for that matter. We have already researched other products that go at up to about 2000 USD and all of the devices up to that price range are far from providing great results, nevertheless with a price of just $399 USD the Sense 3D scanner is really attractive at least from a price point of view.

The Sense 3D scanner is a hand held model that can be used to scan not only small models, but also larger ones including people. It is designed to support scan volume from 0.2×0.2×0.2m up to 3x3x3m with an operating rage from 0.35m to 3m. The depth resolution of the device at 0.5 meters is 1mm and the spatial x/y resolution is 0.9mm. The Sense 3D scanner uses a 240×320 resolution for both the depth sensor as well as for the color image sensor. You can use the scanner with either a Windows PC or a Mac and a laptop is the preferred choice as you would need the scanner connected to the computer while you are scanning an object, especially if you need to scan something big. The scanner is equipped with a long USB cable that is a bit over 2 meters long, but you would still need to hold the scanner and laptop while scanning or have a person assisting you for larger objects as you would need to go around them for a full scan.

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You need to download the Sense 3D scanner software by registering the device and generating an activation code based on the serial number of the device, the software is not included with the scanner package. Here is what we have decided to scan, a 1/18 scale HPI 2013 Ford Mustang Micro RS4 Falken Drift RC car, after playing a bit with the software and experimenting scanning different things. As you can see we have decent light conditions and the remote controlled car is placed on a large piece of white paper to make the scanning process easier. You will need to play a bit with the software and scan various things in various conditions until you start getting the hang of things, so that you will be able to achieve the best possible results. The first time you scan something the results may end up quite disappointing, but that should not discourage you – try again and again and you will get better.

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The scanning software needs to you go around the object you want to scan carefully and slowly in order for the 3D scanner to build the mesh of the model as well as get enough data for the texture – it is a color 3D scanner, so you get a 3D model with a texture applied on it as an end result. As you can see from our test scan of the remote controlled car above, a quite decent scape information with the texture not very clear – we remind you that the 3D scanner actually uses a low resolution image and depth sensors. After you finish scanning the object you get a shell with a texture applied, it is not a solid object that is ready to be 3D printers… there is a bit more work you need to do. You can Crop only a certain part of the image and Erase parts that you don’t need, this is needed only if there are some things that you don’t need aside from the object you scanned. Working in a well lit room with an even background such as white does help a lot not to have unneeded things apart from the object you are scanning. When you are ready you need to Solidify the scanned object and that process will make it a solid object that you can export and print. But before going to exporting or printing it you might have to do some more trimming to touching up the solidified object, though the trimming part is most likely the one you will need most of the time. Then you can export the finalized solid object in STL, PLY or OBJ file format, just be aware that the STL file format will not export the texture information.

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Here is how an STL model exported from our 3D scan looks like when imported in the MakerBot Desktop software. The result is pretty good, but some more work on the model mesh might help get even better results before actually printing it. Do note that the scanned object is imported as a solid, so the insides of the car are filled with material – this means a lot of material and time is needed to print the model in this form coming directly from the scanning software. You might want to make the insides of the scanned object hollow and use support material in order to save on material used as well as time required to print, especially if you want to get a larger size output like a 1:1 replica of what you have scanned.

The 3D Systems Sense 3D scanner is an affordable and easy to be used device and it produces decent results once you get to play with it and get the hang of things to get the most out of the device. The software is intuitive and easy to be used, though it lacks some more advanced functions to make it easier to get better results, especially when fixing errors during the scan or improving the results after solidifying the scanned object. The color information that gets applied in the form of a texture on the scanned model may look nice as an idea, but the quality is not very good and you are probably not going to be needing it anyway when 3D printing the model anyway. The outline of the model gets scanned pretty well, the problem is in the finer details that usually don’t get that well represented in the resulting 3D model, the reason for that is again the lower resolution depth scanner. So if you need to be able to 3D scan with high quality model and texture data, then the Sense 3D scanner is not the right product for you. But if you want to get a good idea on how 3D scanning works and to be able to experiment with it without requiring too accurate results and very high detail levels and not investing too much in hardware, then the Sense 3D scanner might be a good choice.

For more information about the full-color Sense handheld 3D scanner from 3D Systems…


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